Saturday, May 23, 2020

How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win

It is not enough to get the majority of votes to become president. A majority of electoral votes are required. There are 538 possible electoral votes. 270 electoral votes are required for a candidate to win the electoral college vote.   Who are the  Electors? Students should know that the Electoral College is not really  a â€Å"college as in academic institution. A better way to understand the word college is by reviewing its  etymology  in this context  as a gathering of like-minded: ...from Latin  collegium  community, society, guild, literally association of  collegae,  plural of  collega  partner in office, from assimilated form of  com  with, together...   The selected representatives who are granted  into  the Electoral College  number adds up to  538 total  electors, all elected to cast votes on the behalf of their  respective states. The basis for the number of electors per state is population, which is also the same basis for representation in Congress.  Each state is entitled to the number of electors equal to the combined number of their representatives and senators in Congress. At a minimum, that grants each state three elector votes.     The 23rd Amendment, ratified in 1961, gave the District of Columbia a state level  parity, the condition of being equal, with a minimum of three electoral votes. After the year 2000, California could claim the highest number of electors (55); seven states and the District of Columbia have the minimum number of electors (3). State legislatures determine who is selected in any manner that they choose. Most use the winner-take-all, where the candidate who wins the states popular vote is awarded the states entire slate of electors. At this time, Maine and Nebraska are the only states that do not use a winner-take-all system. Maine and Nebraska award two electoral votes to the winner of the states popular vote. They give the remaining voters an opportunity to cast a ballot for their own districts. To win the presidency, a candidate needs more than 50 percent of the electoral votes. Half of 538 is 269. Therefore,  a candidate needs 270 votes to win.  Ã‚   Why Was the Electoral College Created? The United States system of indirect democratic voting  was created by the Founding Fathers as a compromise, a  choice between allowing Congress to elect a president or by giving potentially uninformed citizens the direct vote. Two framers of the Constitution, James  Madison, and Alexander Hamilton  opposed the popular vote for president. Madison wrote in  Federalist Paper #10  that theoretical politicians have erred in  reducing mankind to a perfect equality in their political rights. He argued that men could not be perfectly equalized and assimilated in their possessions, their opinions, and their passions. In other words, not all men had the education or the temperament to vote. Alexander Hamilton considered the how the fears of tampering that could be introduced with direct voting in an essay in  Federalist Paper  #68,  Nothing was more to be desired than that every practicable obstacle should be opposed to cabal, intrigue, and corruption. Students could participate in a close reading of Hamiltons low opinion of the average voter in the  Federalist Paper #68  in order to understand the context these framers were using in creating the Electoral College. Federalist Papers #10 and #68, as with  all other primary source documents, will mean students need to  read and reread in order to understand the text. With a primary source document, the first reading allows students to determine what the text says.  Their  second reading is meant to figure out how the text works. The third and final reading is to analyze and compare the text. Comparing the  changes to Article II through the 12th and 23rd Amendments would be part of the third reading. Students should understand that the framers of the Constitution felt an Electoral College (informed voters selected by states)  would answer  these concerns and provided a framework for the Electoral College in  Article II, paragraph 3 of the United States Constitution: The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot  for two Persons,  of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves The first major test of this clause came with the election of 1800.  Thomas Jefferson and Aaron  Burr  ran together, but they  tied in the popular vote. This  election showed a  defect in the original Article; two votes could be cast for candidates running on party tickets. That resulted in a tie between the two candidates from the most popular ticket. Partisan political activity was causing a constitutional crisis.  Burr claimed victory, but after several rounds and with an endorsement from Hamilton, state  representatives chose Jefferson.  Students could discuss how Hamiltons choice may have contributed to his ongoing feud with Burr as well. The  12th Amendment to the Constitution  was quickly proposed and approved with speed to correct the flaw. Students should pay close attention to the new wording that changed two persons  to the respective offices for President and Vice President: The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and  vote by ballot for President and Vice-President,... The new wording in the Twelfth Amendment requires that  each elector cast separate and distinct votes for each office  instead of two votes for President.  Using the same provision in Article II, electors may not vote for candidates from their state—at least one of them must be from another state. If no candidate for President has a majority of the total votes, a  quorum  of the House of Representatives, voting by states  chooses the President.   ...  But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice.   The Twelfth Amendment then requires the House of Representatives to choose from the three (3) highest receivers of electoral votes,  a change in number from the five (5) highest under the original Article II. How to Teach Students about the Electoral College A high school graduate today has lived through five presidential elections, two of which have been determined by the Constitutional creation known as the Electoral College. These elections were  Bush vs. Gore (2000)  and  Trump vs Clinton (2016). For them, the Electoral College has chosen the president in 40% of the elections.  Since the popular vote has only mattered 60% of the time, students need to be informed as to why the responsibility to vote still matters. Engaging Students There are new national standards for studying social studies (2015) called the  College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies.  In many ways, the C3s are a response  today to the concerns expressed by the Founding Fathers about uninformed citizens when they wrote the Constitution.  The C3s are organized around the principle that: Active and responsible citizens are able to identify and analyze public problems, deliberate with other people about how to define and address issues, take constructive action together, reflect on their actions, create and sustain groups, and influence institutions both large and small. Forty-seven states  and the District of Columbia now have requirements for high school civics education through state statutes.  The goal of these civics classes is to teach students about how the United States Government operates, and that includes the Electoral College. Students can research the two elections in their lifetimes that required the Electoral College:  Bush vs. Gore (2000)  and  Trump vs Clinton (2016).  Students could note the correlation of the Electoral College with voter turnout,  with the 2000 election recorded voter turnout at 48.4%; the 2016 recorded voter turnout at 48.2%. Students can use data  to study population trends. A new census every 10 years may shift the number of electors from states who have lost population to states who have gained population. Students can make predictions as to where the population shifts may impact political identities.   Through this research, students can develop an understanding how a vote can matter, as opposed to a decision made by the Electoral College. The C3s are organized so that students will better understand this  and other civic responsibilities noting that as citizens: They vote, serve on juries when called, follow the news and current events, and participate in voluntary groups and efforts. Implementing the C3 Framework to teach students to be able to act in these ways—as citizens—significantly enhances preparation for college and career. Finally, students can participate in a debate in class or on a national platform as to whether the Electoral College system should continue. Those opposed to the Electoral College argue that it  gives less populated states an over-sized influence in a presidential election. Smaller states are guaranteed at least three electors, even though each elector represents a much smaller number of voters. Without the three vote guarantee, more populated states would have more control with a popular vote. There are websites dedicated to changing the Constitution such as the  National Popular Vote  Ã‚  or the  National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, which  is an  agreement that would have states award their electoral votes to the winner of the popular vote.   These resources mean that while the Electoral College may be described as an indirect democracy in action, students can be directly involved in determining its future.

Monday, May 18, 2020

Christmas Quotes From Famous Writers

The Christmas Holidays are all about traditions. Families and friends sing Christmas carols, and kids listen to stories about Santa  and Rudolph. Whether you are looking for words to express in Christmas cards or letters, in social media or just for fun, here you can find famous quotations by  famous writers. Margaret Cousins Christmas, in its final essence, is for grown people who have forgotten what children know. Christmas is for whoever is old enough to have denied the unquenchable spirit of man. Dale Evans Christmas, my child, is love in action.   Joan Winmill Brown Christmas! The very word brings joy to our hearts. No matter how we may dread the rush, the long Christmas lists for gifts and cards to be bought and given — when Christmas Day comes there is still the same warm feeling we had as children, the same warmth that enfolds our hearts and our homes.   Bess Streeter Aldrich Christmas Eve was a night of song that wrapped itself about you like a shawl. But it warmed more than your body. It warmed your heart...filled it, too, with melody that would last forever.   Oren Arnold Christmas gift suggestions: To your enemy, forgiveness. To an opponent, tolerance. To a friend, your heart. To a customer, service. To all, charity. To every child, a good example. To yourself, respect. Lenore Hershey Do give books — religious or otherwise — for Christmas. Theyre never fattening, seldom sinful, and permanently personal.   Peg Bracken Gifts of time and love are surely the basic ingredients of a truly merry Christmas.   Ray Stannard Baker I sometimes think we expect too much of Christmas Day. We try to crowd into it the long arrears of kindliness and humanity of the whole year. As for me, I like to take my Christmas a little at a time, all through the year. And thus I drift along into the holidays — let them overtake me unexpectedly — waking up some fine morning and suddenly saying to myself: Why this is Christmas Day! Charles Dickens I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. W.T Ellis It is Christmas in the heart that puts Christmas in the air. Isabel Currier It is the personal thoughtfulness, the warm human awareness, the reaching out of the self to ones fellow man that makes giving worthy of the Christmas spirit. Charlton Heston My first copies of Treasure Island  and Huckleberry Finn  still have some blue-spruce needles scattered in the pages. They smell of Christmas still. Charlotte Carpenter Remember, if Christmas isnt found in your heart, you wont find it under a tree. Hugh Downs Something about an old-fashioned Christmas is hard to forget. Phillips Brooks The earth has grown old with its burden of care But at Christmas it always is young, The heart of the jewel burns lustrous and fair And its soul full of music breaks the air, When the song of angels is sung.   Charles N. Barnard The perfect Christmas tree? All Christmas trees are perfect!   Erma Bombeck Theres nothing sadder in this world than to awake Christmas morning and not be a child.   Mrs. Paul M. Ell They err who think Santa Claus comes down through the chimney; he really enters through the heart.   Taylor Caldwell This is the message of Christmas: We are never alone. Calvin Coolidge To the American People: Christmas is not a time or a season but a state of mind. To cherish peace and goodwill, to be plenteous in mercy, is to have the real spirit of Christmas. If we think on these things, there will be born in us a Savior and over us will shine a star sending its gleam of hope to the world. Bing Crosby Unless we make Christmas an occasion to share our blessings, all the snow in Alaska wont make it white.   Marjorie Holmes At Christmas, all roads lead home.   Majorie Holmes It comes every year and will go on forever. And along with Christmas belong the keepsakes and the customs. Those humble, everyday things a mother clings to, and ponders, like Mary in the secret spaces of her heart. Bob Hope My idea of Christmas, whether old-fashioned or modern, is very simple: loving others. Come to think of it, why do we have to wait for Christmas to do that? Bob Hope When we recall Christmas past, we usually find that the simplest things — not the great occasions — give off the greatest glow of happiness. Washington Irving Christmas is the season for kindling the fire of hospitality in the hall, the genial flame of charity in the heart. W.C. Jones The joy of brightening other lives, bearing each others burdens, easing others loads and supplanting empty hearts and lives with generous gifts becomes for us the magic of Christmas.   Garrison Keillor A lovely thing about Christmas is that its compulsory, like a thunderstorm, and we all go through it together. Robert Lynd Were I a philosopher, I should write a philosophy of toys, showing that nothing else in life need to be taken  seriously  and that Christmas Day in the company of children is one of the few occasions on which men become entirely alive. Hamilton Wright Mabie Blessed is the season which engages the whole world in a conspiracy of love. Harlan Miller I wish we could put up some of the Christmas  spirit  in jars and open a jar of it every month. Joan Mills Christmas is the keeping-place for memories of our innocence. Garry Moore Christmas is, of course, the time to be home — in  heart  as well as  body. Agnes M. Pahro What is Christmas? It is tenderness for the past, courage for the present, hope for the future. It is a fervent wish that every cup may overflow with blessings rich and  eternal,  and that every path may lead to peace. Norman Vincent Peale Christmas waves a magic wand over this world, and behold, everything is softer and more beautiful. Norman Vincent Peale I truly believe that if we keep telling the Christmas story, singing the Christmas songs, and living the Christmas spirit, we can bring joy and happiness and peace to this world. Andy Rooney One of the most glorious messes in the world is the mess created in the living room on Christmas day. Dont clean it up too quickly. Andy Rooney The best Christmas trees come very close to exceeding nature. Augusta E. Rundell Christmas — that magic blanket that wraps itself about us, that something so intangible that it is like a fragrance. It may weave a spell of nostalgia. Christmas may be a day of feasting, or of prayer, but always it will be a day of remembrance — a day in which we think of everything we have ever loved. Eric Sevareid As long as we know in our hearts what Christmas ought to be, Christmas is. Eric Sevareid Christmas is a necessity. There has to be at least one day of the year to remind us that were here for something else besides ourselves. Ralph Sockman Christmas renews our youth by stirring our wonder. The capacity for wonder has been called our most pregnant human faculty, for in it are born our art, our science, our religion. Margaret Thatcher Christmas is a day of meaning and traditions, a special day spent in the warm circle of family and friends. Thomas Tusser At Christmas play and make good cheer, For Christmas comes but once a year. Lenora Mattingly Weber Christmas is for children. But it is for grownups too. Even if it is a headache, a chore, and nightmare, it is a period of necessary defrosting of chill and hide-bound hearts. Joanne Woodward Which Christmas is the most vivid to me? Its always the next Christmas.

Monday, May 11, 2020

Fast Food Industry Is Bad For The Economy Essay - 1789 Words

The lifestyle of the typical American family has changed. The way families used to enjoy lunches and dinners have changed over the years. With the fast paced and busy America, fast food franchise businesses have grown rapidly over the years as an easy alternative to home cooked meals. This growing industry has been a controversial subject in the United States. With that being said, people tend to look at the health issues associated with fast food and there is no doubt that fast food is associated with health problems. However, when narrowing down the spectrum on fast food industry apart from the health reasons, there are also economic consequences that are becoming part of the problem. Fast food industry is bad for the economy because it destroys local businesses as well as local farms, hurts fast food workers, and lastly costs money to the taxpayers. Magnifying the fast food industry, most franchises are not actually owned by the big corporation with the displayed brand logo. The l ogo might have or Burger king on it but it’s rather owned by small entrepreneurs who is in the franchise agreement with this corporation (Freedman, 2014). They have to pay the corporations franchise fee to use the brand name and the entire cost of constructing and equipping the restaurant. Franchisees also pay a fixed percentage of their revenues every month in royalty and advertising fees, while also often having to buy most of their supplies from the franchisor. McDonalds, for example, earnsShow MoreRelatedEffects of Fast Food on American Economy1461 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ Effects of Fast Food on the American Economy How does fast food affect America’s economy? Does fast food affects Americans economy in the bad way or good way? Some people say that fast foods are ruining Americans economy. They want to reduce effects of the fast food industry in America. However, the advocates do not agree because they think that fast foods are giving a major boost to the economy. They give out a few examples about the advantage of fast food to the economy such as proving jobsRead MoreFast Food Essay936 Words   |  4 PagesFood is a necessity in life. In making the right choices, we can have a healthy life. Sadly, America is not making those healthy choices. Contrary to our education and information about junk food, the fast food industry is still ever growing to this day. The fast food industry in America is an excellently funded, well-oiled machine that will not stop until we make better choices as consumers. Big business is winning, profits are garnered but unfortunately Americans are losing years of their livesRead More The Sociat Costs and Benefits of a Fast Food Industry Essay687 Words   |  3 Pagesof a Fast Food Industry There are many social benefits to a fast food industry. Firstly, it’s the accessibility and convenience of having the fast food restaurants – they’re located practically everywhere. The service is also fast, hence â€Å"fast food† and therefore maximizing the convenience of them to consumers. Most of the time, the products of the fast food industry are cheap, tasty and therefore have good value for the product. The existence of so many fast foodRead MoreMcdonalds : A Fast Food Restaurant Company1283 Words   |  6 PagesMcDonalds is a fast food restaurant company founded on April 15, 1955, by Ray Kroc. It’s headquarters are located in Oak Brook, Illinois, United States. They serve 68 million customers on a daily across 119 countries around the world. With approximately 35,000 running locations, they sell all types of fast food including burgers, wraps, fries, salads, pastry’s, sandwiches, and beverages and more! Industry: The industry that McDonalds Corp. operates within is the food industry, and to be moreRead MoreArgumentative Essay About Fast Food Industry1359 Words   |  6 Pagesworld economy has become fast-paced, and this has forced people to transform their lifestyle in order to adapt to the changing pace. Family structures have evolved drastically with modern mothers having outside careers rather than being housewives. Granted such mothers get out of work worn out with little strength to prepare a proper meal for the family. They often opt for an easier way of preparing a meal for their families. This is the foundation for the thriving of the fast food industry. A numberRead MoreFast Food Nation By Eric Schlosser848 Words   |  4 PagesLAST THREE DECADES, fast food has infiltrated every nook and cranny of American society†, Schlosser writes. Fast Food Nation, written by Eric Schlosser, includes topics about fast food chains impact on the community, jobs relating to fast food, and he alth issues. Fast Food Nation uses logic to appeal to the aspects of fast food chains by giving relatable examples from the devastating effects on the communities to the millions of jobs offered for our country. Moreover, fast food chains have contributedRead MoreFast Food Restaurants: A Detriment to the Health of Americans833 Words   |  4 Pagesthe have eaten regularly at fast food restaurants. As the obesity rate increases, the number of fast food restaurants goes up as well. Although it is not certain, many believe that obesity in the United States is correlated to eating fast food. Since the United States has the highest obesity rate out of any country, it is important for Americans to monitor the fast food industry that may be causing obesity. With the pressure to get things done in a timely manner, fast food became a big necessity. HoweverRead MoreDonT Blame The Eater By David Zinczenko1049 Words   |  5 PagesBlame The Eater,† written by David Zinczenko evokes rea ders the crucial impact that fast food restaurants have in todays nations youth causing them to be over weight and have type 2ndiabetes. Throughout Zinczenkos argument he makes the reader view the consumer as a victim yet on the other hand, what he is trying to persuade us to believe by using logos,pathos,and ethos in his argument is that the food industry is the one making the nations youth to increase obesity. The capacity of impressiveRead MoreThe Food Industry And Industrialization Of Agriculture1085 Words   |  5 PagesThe corporate food industry and industrialization of agriculture today have revolutionized the growing and buying of food for farmers and consumers. To see how it has transformed the system, one can look at the effects industrial agriculture has caused. Economically, it creates million of jobs that keep people employed and keeps food affordable, but has regrettably created subsidies too. In terms of health, mass production of agriculture has created new health risks that endanger the lives of bothRead MoreThe Precarious Relationship between the United States and Saudi Arabia1481 Words   |  6 PagesIn the 1940s the United States brought on wave of globalization that ravaged Western Europe. Fast forward to 1979, and the United States is taking advantage of the fear drummed up by the Iranian Revolution in order to secure its influence in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia since then has seen a rise in chronic illness that can be directly tied back to the presence of the United States in this area. After 1979 there was a significant spike in diabetes in Saudi Arabia; it can be argued that increased

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Lesson Plan For Writing Prompt - 999 Words

Writing Prompt. This two-day lesson assessment determined whether or not students met the lesson’s objective. We chose this assessment because it provides qualitative data and incorporates the writing standard into our lesson. Also, the writing prompt is an open-ended assessment tool that does not limit the students’ choices when answering the prompt. If we gave them a multiple choice form of assessment, then the students only have 4 options to choose from that may not represent their thoughts entirely. Plus, students could select the correct answer through process of elimination, which would not represent the full picture of their knowledge and understandings. The writing prompt required the students to individually explain to an alien what its responsibilities are now that it is a member of the local community. Attached to the writing prompt was a writing rubric that would guide students to write a complete answer (See Appendix A). Since their language arts and readin g teacher uses this writing rubric for her assignments, the student are familiar with it and understand how to write a complete answer. We had the students complete it individually so we could see each students’ voice and thoughts and eliminate the possibility of their answer being influenced by their peers’ opinions. Since we understand that the â€Å"the results of assessment are used to inform the planning and implementing of experiences and to evaluate and improve teachers’ and the program’s effectiveness†Show MoreRelatedMy Lesson Plans : Learning Needs And Interests By Using The Information1142 Words   |  5 Pages My lesson plans demonstrate the knowledge I gained about their specific learning needs and interests by using the information I obtained from CLIP step two. I was the first person to get ahold of the writing pieces so they had yet to be corrected so I was able to see where the students needed most help. Therefore, I based my lesso ns off of it. I chose to choose a mentor text that would spark their interest. In a previous education class I witnessed the book being used with students and they lovedRead MoreHow Weather And Seasonal Changes Affect Plants, Animals, And Humans1171 Words   |  5 Pagesbook Autumn by Melvin and Gilda Berger †¢ Writing Paper Vocabulary: †¢ Autumn †¢ Cocoons †¢ Hibernate †¢ Migrate †¢ Seasons Identify Instructional Procedures: †¢ Initiation 1. Have students walk over and sit on the rug. 2. Tell the students that today we are going to talk more about Fall. 3. Ask the students, â€Å"Does anyone know another name for Fall?† 4. Ask the students, â€Å"What are some differences between Fall and Summer?† (can prompt students if needed) †¢ Lesson 1. Write the vocabulary words on the boardRead MoreAs part of students IEP resource program and RtI services, I provide instruction for the1400 Words   |  6 Pagesfor writing instruction has evolved dramatically. Now I see each student as an individual somewhere on the path to independent â€Å"author.† I work to meet each student’s learning need at their level. Currently, students work at their own level and I provide individual or small group mini-lessons to support weaker skills. I learned from experience to create quality, high interest prompts that address a real audience to teach â€Å"voice.† My format support Common Core’s informative/explanatory writing standardRead MoreHow Weather And Seasonal Changes Affect Plants, Animals, And Humans Essay784 Words   |  4 PagesErase Board †¢ Dry Erase Marker †¢ Pencils †¢ Writing Paper Vocabulary: †¢ Autumn †¢ Cocoons †¢ Hibernate †¢ Migrate †¢ Seasons Identify Instructional Procedures: †¢ Initiation 1. Have students sit on the rug. 2. Tell the students that today we are going to talk more about Fall. 3. Ask the students, â€Å"Does anyone know another name for Fall?† 4. Ask the students, â€Å"What are some differences between Fall and Summer?† (can prompt students if needed) †¢ Lesson 1. Write the vocabulary words on the boardRead MoreStrengths And Opportunities For Growth802 Words   |  4 PagesStrengths and Opportunities for Growth There were few strong point to this lesson. The organization and details were strong, but the implication of the lesson plan broke down as the time disappeared too quickly. Also the anticipatory set went smoothly and was enjoyed by all. One area for improvement is to pay attention to the amount of time needed to complete the lesson. Once the lesson written the writer needed to complete the lesson while timing the whole thing. This will allow the educator to know exactlyRead MoreRunning Head : Dynamic Writing1611 Words   |  7 PagesRunning head: DYNAMIC WRITING IN THE CONTENT AREAS 1 Dynamic Writing in the Content Areas Joshua Dresser University of Phoenix Dynamic Writing in the Content Areas This paper will explore dynamic writing in the content area of music through the use of writing-to-learn strategies and fulfill the requirements of the third option of the Dynamic Writing in the Content Areas assignment in RDG543. A brief survey of journaling strategies found online will be reviewed, variousRead MoreTeaching Writing Is An Exciting Time For Any Classroom Essay1419 Words   |  6 PagesTeaching Writing Teaching literature is an exciting time in any classroom. New Zealand Government (n.d.) reports â€Å"New Zealand children rank relatively highly on the international literacy scales†. This shows that New Zealanders value their literacy abilities, and work hard to upkeep our reputation. As a teacher, teaching writing can be very difficult, but also very rewarding. With the aid of purpose, audience and form we can guide our students in to knowing what they are writing about and whom itRead MoreMath Context For Learning Information893 Words   |  4 PagesTASK 4: MATHEMATICS CONTEXT FOR LEARNING INFORMATION Respond to the prompts below (no more than 4 single-spaced pages, including prompts) by typing your responses within the brackets following each prompt. Do not delete or alter the prompts. Pages exceeding the maximum will not be scored. About the School Where You Are Teaching 1. In what type of school do you teach? (Type an â€Å"X† next to the appropriate description; if â€Å"other† applies, provide a brief description.) Elementary school: ___X__ MiddleRead MoreThe Differences Between Academic And Personal Writing Essay781 Words   |  4 Pagesacademic and personal writing. 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Learning Theories: A Comparative Analysis of Bloom’s Taxonomy and Gagnà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s Conditions of Learning Reigeluth defined instructional theory as, â€Å"identifying

Environmental Factors Checkpoint Free Essays

Checkpoint: Environmental Factors Summarize the four external environmental factors and six internal environmental factors that help organizations achieve optimal function. Include in your response the factors that you feel are most important to the success of a human service organization. The four environmental factors that help organizations achieve optimal function are as follows. We will write a custom essay sample on Environmental Factors Checkpoint or any similar topic only for you Order Now * Economic Factors * Sociological Factors * Technological Factors * Political and Professional Factors Economic factors play a key role in how a successful organization functions because when the economy is in a recession and funding cuts are inevitable human services are usually first to be cut in the budget. Funding sources, non-cash revenues, clients or consumers, suppliers and competition are all economic factors that affect the optimal function of an organization. Political factors affect the optimal achievement of an organization because the attitudes of community leaders and citizens can affect the type of services provided. Community value systems are more likely to support services provided to abused and neglected children or women who have suffered from domestic violence, however they are less likely to support social service programs for recovering alcoholics or the homeless. A good manager needs to take into consideration the interaction between an agency and the community. Professional Considerations play a key role in the optimal success of an organization because accreditation is needed to ensure the agency meets a set of standards. Fundraising for agencies has been found to be more successful if the agency can advertise their accreditation status. Technological Factors are important for human service agencies which regards the use of equipment such as computers and software as well as the development of new treatment approaches. The responsibilities that are being imposed on agencies today require data processing capability. The six Internal Factors that help organizations achieve optimal function are as follows. * Organizational purpose mission and philosophy * Organizational Planning * Financial Resources * Organizational Operations * Technological Resources * Human Resources Successful organizations are those where managers are able to integrate organizational variables and human variables that are consistent and responsive to organizational mission and goals. Miles (1975) Organizational planning and program structure help an agency to deliver services and programs with effective organizational operations. Human resources, technological resources, and financial resources are essential components of an effective and successful human service organization which I feel are most important to the organizations optimal achievement. Kelly Lindquist How to cite Environmental Factors Checkpoint, Essay examples

A Separate Peace Essay On Friendship Example For Students

A Separate Peace Essay On Friendship  · Self Reflection- Last week I was driving around Redlands with a friend. We were headed to a park but got off on the wrong off ramp. We decided to find the park by using the back streets. We ended up going by my old school. I had gone to that school in 1st grade and? of 3rd grade. It was my favorite school I had ever gone to. When we approached the school I began to be rushed with memories of the time I had spent in the school. The bus rides, the classrooms, the teachers,, my best friend Sheena and the chasing games I had with Jessie. I loved those times, and I cherished them longingly as we went by, it was such a carefree time.  · Literary Terms- There was three literary terms I had noticed in this book as I read through. They were Allusion, Antithesis and Antanagoge. The meanings of these three terms are;  · Allusion- A casual and brief reference to a famous historical (could be referring to the war, even though it wasn?t historical exactly, yet) or literally figure or event (WWII).  · Antithesis- establish a clear contrasting relationship between 2 ideas and/or people (Finny and Gene) by joining them together or juxtaposing them. Human beings are systematic and catorgorize so the mind as a natural love for antithesis which creates a definite and systematic relationship between ideas.  · Antanagoge- placing a good point or benefit next to a fault criticism or problem in order to reduce the impact or significance of the negative point. How these points were used I will explain. First off Allusion. Allusion is used when referring to the WWII, and when the characters in the story state that the weather is sure like the war, comparing its circumstances happening to the war and comparing them with what they experiencing and things like that. OK now second of all, Antangoge. When Finny yells at Gene or when he is upset at Gene for making him fall off the tree he always reduces the impact of his bad deed by always saying he was still his best friend and that he was always a good friend (except when he was pushing him out of the tree of course). Now for the 3rd term; Antithesis. It is used when Finny forgives Gene over the night he had broken his leg for the 2nd time, because the next morning you?d except that Finny would still be angered At Gene for doing something that horrible. But the next morning Finny was calm and forgave Gene. Finny and Genes friendship was also an antithesis. They were opposites made into good friends. Gene was the intellectual who got good grades and Finny was an average school guy who was Mr. athletic. They are antithesis?s because they got along despite their opposites, they are the true meaning of when people say ?Opposites Attract?..  · Flashback- The whole story was basically a flashback because in the beginning Gene is older and goes back to Devon. He there reminisces and flashes back to his days at Devon which is most of the story. Another point when there is a flashback is when Gene is being accused of pushing Finny off of the tree, It forces Finny, Gene and Leper to recall the event and flashback to what had really happened that afternoon. The whole general Flashback of Gene, of his earlier days at Devon represented that Devon was a part of what made Gene the guy he was now, it also showed that he still had not overcome those days, and by coming back, it was his release of the feelings he had kept in for so long. .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be , .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .postImageUrl , .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be , .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be:hover , .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be:visited , .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be:active { border:0!important; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be:active , .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u48c8909a3f59aae22fe5ec9e735276be:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Life changing experience Essay · Point Of View- The narrative method of this story was first person main character. The author probably chose Gene to be the narrator because he was the one who had the guilt trip and had everything going on in his mind, and he could be the one who flashes back because Finny couldn?t, because he was not around any longer? Also I believe that the author chose Gene to be the narrative part because most the time authors? choose the main character who is the ?good guy?.. I?m not saying that Gene was a ?bad guy? the whole time and that he was like the enemy but he did push Finny out of the tree, causing him to miss out of the completely ?good guy? reputation. The author wanted the book less clich?, that’s why I think he chose do write it from that point.  · Setting- The boys are located at Devon, which is their school. Most of the action takes place there. The climax of the story or climaxes in the story all happen within Devons boundaries. Out of the boundaries of this school though in the years the story was occurring or the flashback was occurring (1942-1943) WWII was happening.  · Symbol 1) The tree obviously is the biggest symbol in the story. It is where Finny and Gene become friends, where they take life threatening risks together, where Finny controls Gene, and the where the end of Finny begins. It is a symbol of the base of their friendship and what it held. It is what makes their friendship start and end. 2) The tree limb, even though this is part of the tree, is also something that is symbolic to the story, at least in my opinion. The limb is a symbolism because of the instability of Genes feelings toward finny. It represents he thin line between hatred, jealously, love and friendship. 3) I think another symbolism occurrence was when Finny tried to beat the swimming record of the 100m and beat it without trying to prove himself to anyone else. The symbolism is that it shows that Finny is sure of himself and doesn?t need the proof of anything to prove himself to anyone or anything. It also showed that Gene was not yet that mature secure person yet because he was the one urging Finny to show and prove it to everyone else claming he would have done the same.  · Conflict- Gene has conflicts with himself internally. He was fighting with himself with the ideas of Finny thinking he was better than Gene and thinking that Finny was trying to compete with him and trying to make him get worse get grades and the idea that Finny was just being his friend and that’s all he was about. Later on in the story Gene had conflicts within himself about feeling guilty about pushing his best friend of a tree and breaking his leg and destroying is future. Finny has to struggle with the conflict of accepting that his best friend has pushed him off the tree destroying his life. And he has to struggle with his whole future of what it was going to be was now over. Gene and Finny never really fought with each other, only in their own minds, except when Finny had just found out that Gene was the one who caused Finny to fall out of the tree, Finny was very angered at Gene and showed it at that point.  · Protagonists- I think that Finny was the main character in everyone?s life at Devon. In the story, though, I think that Gene was the main character because he was the one who was the twisted character, had so many things going on in his mind, and was the one who was the cause of every climax in the story. Finny was also a main character I believe, in the story, everyone loved him and he was the one who made the impact on Genes? life, he was the one who was everything to everyone, while Gene was somehow in the corner looking in. I think that Finny was the 2nd Main character, even though most would think Finny was the 1st main character I think it is Gene. .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 , .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .postImageUrl , .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 , .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092:hover , .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092:visited , .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092:active { border:0!important; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092:active , .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092 .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uf8481b0e9cc2b2145eb34fd7441ec092:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: 12 Angry Men Essay · Theme-Not everyone is against you? is the theme I think the novel is trying to show. A main example is that Gene thinks until the end that Finny was always trying to be better than himself when in reality he was just trying to be his friend, and do friend things. The ending of the story which I believe is the conclusion including the overall effects of all that happened, is what it is stating that ?Not everyone is against you?..  · Reader Response- This story was a little bit intriguing, but really I didn?t have much taste for it. It didn?t have much action and it rambled on too long about things that were rambled on enough about. It explained the story well and had good structure though.

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Nuclear Energy free essay sample

Ever since humanity has existed, there has been an increasing demand for energy as a means of survival, from its usage for cooking and warmth, all the way to electricity generation for production and agricultural activities. Today, over 80% of energy consumption comes from fossil fuels, which include coal, oil and natural gas (Irvine, 2011). However, those fuels are not renewable and won’t last for more than a few decades or even less. With the increase of population comes the increase in demand for energy. In the UAE, according to the Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC), there is an annual increase in energy demand of about 9%; therefore, it is imperative to find a new form of energy that would meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs; this is the concept of sustainability, developed by scientists nowadays. The two criteria for sustainability are efficiency and renewability, both of which are fulfilled by nuclear power. We will write a custom essay sample on Nuclear Energy or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Nuclear energy is much more environmentally friendly and humanly safe than fossil fuels. It also provides us with the energy security we need; thus, it should be adopted as the future power supplier in all countries. Environmental safety is one of the major reasons why scientists are reverting to sources other than fossil fuels and developing nuclear technology that would reduce the amounts of all the gaseous, solid and liquid wastes produced by fossil fueled plants. Those wastes are resulting in serious environmental crises. Unlike the fossil fuels, nuclear fuel is smoke free; thus, protecting the environment from the serious implications of the gaseous residuals like Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides that are major contributors to global warming, acidic rain and smog, respectively. Global warming causes the melting of huge ice fields such as the ones covering Greenland and Antarctic, consequently inundating so many coastal areas with water (Morris, 2000). With the acidic rain, ecological problems will arise, manifested in the destruction of trees and death of fish (Morris, 2000). Whereas smog, defined by scientists as â€Å"a mixture of smoke made up of nitrogen oxides and fog, kills plants and reduces the crop yields† (â€Å"Smog†, n. d. ). On the other hand, apart from the gaseous waste, there exists the solid and liquid waste of fossil fueled plants in the form of ashes from coal plants and crude oil waste from oil plants. The first is known to be environmentally toxic, yet it is stored in open-air pits, where the ashes are at the risk of being spilled, causing a tremendous disaster like the Tennessee’s incident in December 22, 2008, where a huge dyke have failed, leading to more than one billion gallons of toxic ashes to flood a huge land (â€Å"Beyond Coal,† n. d. ). Just like the solid waste, liquid waste of oil plants could also be spilled into the ocean while being moved from one area to another for disposal, resulting in the termination of aquatic life (Morris, 2000). Such incidents are unbearable, yet they happen. However, nuclear plants have no gaseous waste. As to the solid wastes, scientists have developed an efficient way to dispose safely of them. It is proposed that the radioactive waste should be mixed with molten glass then cooled to be part of solid, corrosion-proof glass; thus, blocking its radioactivity (Morris, 2000). By efficient disposal, we’re not only cleaning the environment for good, but also eliminating any considered human health hazards. While the fossil fuels waste would continuously pose a threat the environment and to human health. Those fossil fuels do not only harm the environment, but also violate human safety, by producing pollutants that cause serious diseases. Oil, gas and coal plants are responsible for 88% of the Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) released in the air, 50% of the Nitric Oxide (NO) and 80% of the Carbon Oxide (CO) released. All of which have been linked to serious neuromuscular and respiratory diseases, like bronchitis and lung-cancer. On the other hand nuclear energy is free of all those pollutants. On the long run, imagine how many lives would be saved by just replacing fossil fuels with nuclear energy. Opponents of nuclear energy have been promoting nuclear energy for years to be a death tool; in fact, this claim has little truth to it. One is much more susceptible to death from air pollution, than of the radiation emitted by the nuclear plants. Air pollution causes 200000 deaths worldwide every year (Morris, 2000). When, the death toll for the Chernobyl accident was 20000 cancer deaths over 50 years, which means, 500 deaths per year. Which confirms the claim that air pollution is much more dangerous than nuclear energy. Nevertheless, the radiation is still the major concern of those in opposition of nuclear energy because it has been publicized that nuclear energy produces excessive amounts of radiation causing three possible health effects: genetic mutations, radiation sickness and cancer. The Hiroshima and Nagasaki incident have been studied over a long period of time in order to evaluate the truth to this claim, and the results were opposite to what’s promoted. As to the genetic mutations, it has been shown that excessive doses of radiation are not associated in any way with the genetic mutations. The survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were observed for thirty years, and no excess genetic mutation rates have been seen, we said excess because approximately 3% of all live births everywhere show mutations of some sort, naturally (Morris, 2000). So there’s no truth to those claims about mutations. Then there’s the radiation sickness that is a result of the damage to the bone marrow, which affects the white blood cells production. This needs a minimum radiation exposure of 100,000 millirems, below that no radiation sickness occurred in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Nowadays, at the fence line of a nuclear power plant, by law, radiation may not exceed 10 millirems, that is 10,000 times less than the level at which radiation sickness occurs, it is also a tenth of the amount of radiation one could get from a medical x-ray yearly. Actually no one lives this close to a nuclear power plant, therefore, people would get less than 0. 02 millirems of radiation per year from a nuclear power plant (Morris, 2000). The last argued health effect is cancer. It has been proven that no cases of cancer due to radiation occurred at less than 100,000 millirems exposure, which is a huge dose. Back to the Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 200 cases of cancer occurred in a carefully studied group of 80,000 Japanese people who were exposed to over 100,000 millirems of radiation, that is 0. 4% cases (Morris, 2000). Thus if we were to draw a conclusion from the Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it will be that 0. 02 millirems of radiation per year won’t cause any health problems. And since the major concern is eliminated, then why not use what is considered an efficient power source that would supply us with sufficient energy? We have enormous amounts of raw nuclear fuel in the earth’s lithosphere, that can be efficiently stored and are much more energy-productive than fossil fuels. Therefore, nuclear energy is considered sustainable enough to provide energy security to the entire world, which is â€Å" (a) reliable, stable and sustainable supply of energy at affordable prices and social costs† (World Economic Forum (WEFORUM), n. d. ). Studies show that uranium reserve in our planet earth will be sufficient to contribute to the energy production for 1500 years from now. This is in comparison with the currently consumed sources, which, by the most optimistic estimates, are expected to be depleted in 40 years for oil gas and 200 years for coal (Erkens, 2006). Not only do we have an abundance of uranium for energy production, but also uranium is the most eligible, among other sources of energy, for long-term storage. For example, a 1000 MWe -megawatts of electricity- power plant requires 200 tones of natural uranium annually, which is easily stored. While if it was powered by coal it will require over 3 million tones of coal, that is impractical to store due to dust and visual implications (World-Nuclear Association, 2013). As one might already know, nuclear power plants produce so much energy with a relatively small amount of fuel as compared to the fossil fuels powered plants. When comparing the two types of energy, scientists use the term electron volt, that is, the amount of energy an electron acquires while being accelerated by1-volt battery. The energy in a typical chemical bond is several electron volts, whereas the fission of one uranium-235 nucleus releases about 200 million electron volts (Ferguson, 2011). So nuclear energy is much more productive and efficient than the currently used fossil fuels. After all this, no one has any reason to reject such a clean, safe and efficient energy supply; thus, nuclear energy adoption is imperative for all countries that want to step out of the traditional, outdated and detrimental techniques that have been going on for enough time till now.  And step into a more pioneering and innovative era of clean, sustainable nuclear energy. That would last for enough generations to live without having to worry about the depletion of energy sources.